Cubeta Publications


Rogers, L.W., Koehler, A.M., Cubeta. M.A., Crouch, J.A., Shew, H.D., and LeBlanc, N.R. 2022. Gene family evolution in the fungal plant pathogens of boxwood Calonectria henricotiae and C. pseudonaviculata reveals predominant contraction of gene families with putative roles in pathogenesis and trophic lifestyle. Genes Genomes Genetics 12 (In review)

Roberts, D., Ludwig, C., Salmon, J., Cubeta, M.A., and Gilger, B. 2022. An ex vivo porcine cornea-based assay as a model for predicting equine keratitis fungi drug sensitivity. Veterinary Ophthalmology (In review, manuscript # VOP-21-12-2747).


Becker, L.E., Adhikari, U., Mays, T., Shishkoff, N., Crouch, J.A. and Cubeta, M.A. Evaluation of boxwood cultivars for resistance to boxwood blight. Plant Disease Management Reports 15: OT008.

LeBlanc, N., Cubeta, M.A., and Crouch, J. 2021. Population genomics trace clonal diversification and intercontinental migration of an emerging fungal disease of boxwood. Phytopathology 111(1):184-193, Invited submission for Special Population Focus Issus, Population Genomic and Phylogenomic Enabled Advances to Increase Insight Into Pathogen Biology and Epidemiology.

Nowicki, M., Hadziabdic, D., Trigiano, R.N., Boggess, S.L., Kanetis, L., Wadl, P.A., Ojiambo, P., Cubeta, M.A., Spring, O., Thines, M., Runge, F., and Scheffler, B.E. 2021. ‘Jumping Jack’: Genomic microsatellites underscore the distinctiveness of closely related Pseudoperonospora cubensis and Pseudoperonospora humuli and provide new insights into their evolutionary past. Frontiers in Microbiology

Shishkoff, N. Miller, M.E., and Cubeta, M.A. 2021. Rooting response of healthy boxwood cultivars to hot water treatment and thermal inactivation of Calonectria henricotiaeand  pseudonaviculata in diseased boxwood tissue. Journal of Environmental Horticulture 39(1):1-10,

Stalpers, J., Redhead, S.A., Rossman, A., Crouch, J.A., Cubeta, M.A., Kirschner, R., Langer, G.J., Larsson, K-H., Mack, J., Marvanova, L., May, T.W., Norvell, L.L., Oberwinkler, F., Roberts, P., Rajchenberg, R., Seifert, K.A., and Thorn, R.G. 2021. Competing sexual-asexual generic names in the Agaricomycotina (Basidiomycota) with recommendations for use. IMA Fungus 12:22

Stephens, C.M, Sit, T., Cubeta, M.A., Gannon, T. and Kerns, J.P. 2021. Characterization and aggressiveness of take-all root rot pathogens isolated from symptomatic bermudagrass putting greens. Phytopathology 111

Yow, A., Zhang, Y., Bansal, K, Maren, N., Eacker, S.M., Sullivan, S., Liachko, I., Cubeta, M.A., Rollins, J.A., and Ashrafi, H.. 2021. Genome sequence of Monilinia vaccini-corymbosi sheds light on mummy berry disease infection of blueberry and mating type. Genes Genomes Genetics 11(2),


Becker, L.E. and Cubeta, M.A. Increased flower production of Calibrachoa x hybrida by the soil fungus Mortierella elongata. Journal of Environmental Horticulture 38(4):114-119.

Becker L.E. and Cubeta M.A.  Evaluation of calibrachoa cultivars for black root rot resistance, 2020. Plant Disease Management Reports 14: OT013.

Castroagudín, V.L., Weiland, J.E., Baysal-Gurel, F., Cubeta, M.A., Daughtrey, M, Gauthier, N.W., LaMondia, J., Luster, D.G., Hand, F.P., Shishkoff, N., Williams-Woodward, J., Yang, X., LeBlanc, N., and Crouch, J.A. 2020. One clonal lineage of Calonectria pseudonaviculata is primarily responsible for the boxwood blight epidemic in the United States. Phytopathology 110(11):1845-1853. Cited as Editor’s pick for November.

Flemming, A., Phillips, M., Shea, E.K., Bolton, A., Lincoln, C. Green, K.E., Mast, A. and Cubeta, M.A. Using Digital Natural History Collections in K-12 STEM Education. Journal of Museum Education, doi 10.1080/10598650.2020.1833296.

Roberts, D., Cotter, H.V., Cubeta, M.A., and Gilger, B.C. 2020. In vitro susceptibility of Aspergillus and Fusarium associated with equine keratitis to new antifungal drugs. Veterinary Ophthalmology (


Cullen, M., Jacob, M.E., Vanderschel, I.Q., Cotter, H.V.T., Cornish, V., Cubeta M.A., Carbone, I., and Gilger, B.C. 2019. Relationship of multi-locus DNA sequence analysis, anti-fungal agent susceptibility and equine fungal keratitis outcome. PLoS One, Mar 28;14(3):e0214214. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0214214. eCollection 2019.

Green, K.E., Roller, C., and Cubeta, M.A. 2019. A plethora of fungi: developing mycological educational resources for biology and environmental science teachers and students. Science Activities ISSN: 0036-8121 (Print) 1940-1302 (Online)

Koehler, A.M., Larkin, M.T., Rogers, L.W., Carbone, I., Cubeta, M.A., and Shew, H.D. 2019. Identification and characterization of Septoria steviae as the causal agent of Septoria leaf spot disease of stevia in North Carolina, Mycologia, 111:3, 456-465, DOI: 10.1080/00275514.2019.1584503.

Salgado-Salazar, C., Shishkoff, N., LeBlanc, N., Ismaiel, A.A., Collins, M.D., Cubeta, M.A., and Crouch, J.A. 2019. Coccinonectria pachysandricola, causal agent of a new foliar blight disease of Sarcococca hookeriana. Plant Disease 103(4):1337-1346.


Lookabaugh, E.C., Kerns, J.P., Shew, B.B, and Cubeta, M.A. 2018. Fitness attributes of Pythium aphanidermatum with dual resistance to mefenoxam and fenamidone. Plant Disease 102(10).

Miller, M.E., Shishkoff, N. and Cubeta, M.A. 2018. Thermal sensitivity of Calonectria henricotiae and Calonectria pseudonaviculata conidia and microsclerotia. Mycologia 110(3): 546-558, doi:10.1080/002755514.2018.1465778.


Duckworth, O.W., Andrews, M.Y., Cubeta, M.A., Grunden, A.M., and Ojiambo, P. 2017. Revisiting graduate student training to address agricultural and environmental societal challenges. Agric. Environ. Lett. 2:170019, doi:10.2134/ael2017.06.0019.

Burchhardt, K.M., Miller, M.E., Cline, W.O., and Cubeta, M.A. 2017. Fine-scale genetic structure and reproductive biology of the blueberry pathogen Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi. Phytopathology 107:231-239.


Pettersson, M., Frampton, J., Rönnberg, J., Shew, H.D., Benson, D.M., Kohlway, W.H., Escanferla, M.E., and Cubeta, M.A. 2016. Increased diversity of Phytophthora Species in Fraser fir Christmas Tree Plantations in the Southern Appalachians. Scandinavian Journal of Forestry

Gonzalez, D, Rodriguez-Carres, M., Boekhout, T., Stalper, J., Kurame, E.E., Nakatani, A.K., Vilgalys, R., and Cubeta, M.A. 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of Rhizoctonia fungi within the Cantharellales. Fungal Biology 120:603-619.


Burchhardt, K.M. and Cubeta, M.A. 2015. Population dynamics of the blueberry pathogen Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi in the United States. Phytopathology 105:1-9 (selected as Editor’s pick for June).

Chamoun, R., Samsatly, J., Pakala, S., Cubeta, M.A., and Jabaji, S. 2015. Suppression subtractive hybridization and comparative expression of a pore-forming toxin and glycosyl hydrolase genes in Rhizoctonia solani during potato sprout infection. Molecular Genetics and Genomics: DOI: 10.1007/s00438-014-0962-x.

Gkarmiri, K., Finlay, R.D., Alström, S., Thomas, E., Cubeta, M.A., and Högberg, N. 2015. Transcriptomic analyses of changes in gene expression in the fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 in response to the bacterial antagonists Serratia proteamaculans and Serratia plymuthica. BMC Genomics 16:630 DOI 10.1186/s12864-015-1758-z.

Jr-Hau Jiang, J-H., Lee, Y-I., Cubeta, M.A., and Chen, L-C. 2015. Characterization and colonization of endomycorrhizal Rhizoctonia fungi in the medicinal herb Anoectochilus formosanus (Orchidaceae). Mycorrhizae DOI 10.1007/s00572-014-0616-1.

Mothapo, N.V. Chen, H., Cubeta, M.A., Grossman, J.M., Fuller, F, and Shi, W. 2015. Phylogenetic, taxonomic and functional diversity of fungal denitrifiers and associated N2O production efficacy. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 83:160-175.


Bazzle, L.J, Cubeta, M.A., Marks, S.L., and Dorman, D.C. 2014. Feasibility of flotation concentration of fungal spores as a method to identify toxigenic mushrooms. Vet Med Res Reports 2015(6):1-9, DOI

Cubeta, M.A., Thomas, E., Dean, R.A., Jabaji, S., Neate, S.M., Tavantzis, S., Toda, T., Vilgalys, R., Bharathan, N., Fedorova-Abrams, N., Pakala, S., Zafar, N., Joardar, V., Losada, L., and Nierman, W.C. 2014. Draft Genome Sequences of the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Rhizoctonia solani Anastomosis Group 3 Strain Rhs1AP. Genome Announc. 2(5):e1072-14. doi:10.1128/genomeA.01072-14.

Losada, L., Pakala, S.B., Fedorova, N.D., Joardar, V., Shabalina. S., Hostetler, J., Pakala, S., Zafar, N., Thomas, E.T., Rodriguez-Carres, M., Dean R.A., Dykstra, M., Vilgalys, R.J., Nierman, W.C., and Cubeta, M.A. 2014. Mobile intron-like elements and novel mitochondrial genome expansion in the soil fungus and potato pathogen Rhizoctonia solani. FEMS Microbiology Letters 350:1-11 (DOI: 10.1111/1574-6968.12387). Cited as one of 10 articles to exemplify visualization in microbiology.


Mothapo, N.V, Chen, H., Cubeta, M.A., and Shi, W. 2013. Nitrous oxide producing activity of diverse fungi from distinct agroecosystems. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 82:94-101.

Bartz, F.E., Danehower, D.A., Glassbrook, N., and Cubeta, M.A. 2013. Modulation of the phenylacetic acid metabolic complex by quinic acid alters the disease-causing activity of Rhizoctonia solani on tomato. Phytochemistry 75:

Ferrucho, R.L., Garcia-Dominguez, C., Ramirez-Escobar, U.M., McDonald, B.A., Cubeta, M.A., and P.C. Ceresini, P.C. 2013. The population genetic structure of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3PT from potatoes in the Colombian Andes. Phytopathology 103:862-869.

McCormick, M.A., Grand, L.F., Post, J.B., and Cubeta, M.A. 2013. Phylogenetic relatedness and phenotypic characterization of Fomes fasciatus and Fomes fomentarius sampled from the United States. Mycologia 105(6):1524-1535.

McCormick, M.A., Cubeta, M.A., and Grand, L.F. 2013. Geography and hosts of the wood decay fungi Fomes fasciatus and Fomes fomentarius in the United States. North American Fungi 8(2):1-53. doi:10.2509/naf2013.008.002.

Skamnaki, V., Peumans, W., Kantsadi, A., Cubeta, M.A., Plas, K., Pakala, S., Zographos, S., Smagghe, G., Nierman, W.C., Van Damme, E., and Leonidas, D. 2013. Structural analysis of the Rhizoctonia solani agglutinin reveals an unusual dimeric assembly. FEBS Journal 280:1750-1763.


Burchhardt, K. and Cubeta, M.A. 2012. Microsatellite marker development for the plant pathogenic fungus Monilinia vaccinii-corymbosi. Molecular Ecology Resources 12:72-74.

Thomas, E., Pakala, S., Fedorova, N. D., Nierman, W. C., and Cubeta, M. A. 2012. Triallelic SNP-mediated genotyping of regenerated protoplasts of the heterokaryotic fungus Rhizoctonia solani. Journal of Biotechnology 158:144-150.

Bartz, F.E., Danehower, D.A., Glassbrook, N., and Cubeta, M.A. 2012. Elucidating the role of phenylacetic acid and hydroxy- and methoxy- phenylacetic acid derivatives in the pathogenic activity of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3. Mycologia 104:793-803.

Samuels, G., Ismaiel, A., McMahon, P., Guest, D., Rosmana, A., Junaid, M., Rodriguez-Carres, M., and Cubeta, M.A. 2012. Vascular streak dieback of cacao in Southeast Asia and Melanesia: in planta detection of the pathogen and a new taxonomy. Fungal Biology 116(1):11-23.


Aliferis, K.A., Jabaji, S., and Cubeta, M.A. 2011. Chemotaxonomy of fungi in theRhizoctonia solani species complex using GC/MS metabolic profiling. Metabolomics (30 July), pp 1-11, doi: 10.1007/s11306-011-0340-1.

Copes, W., Rodriguez-Carres, M., Toda, T., Rinehart, T.A., and Cubeta, M.A. 2011. Seasonal prevalence of species of binucleate Rhizoctonia fungi in growing medium, leaf litter, and stems of container grown azalea. Plant Dis. 95:705-711.

Kaye, A.C., Moyer, J.W., Parks, E.J., Carbone, I., and Cubeta, M.A. 2011. Population genetic analysis of Tomato spotted wilt virus on peanut in North Carolina and Virginia. Phytopathology 110:147-153.

Toda, T., Strausbaugh, C., Rodriguez-Carres, M., and Cubeta, M.A. 2011. Characterization of a basidiomycete fungus from sugarbeet. Mycologia 104:70-78.

Woodhall, J.W., Webb, K.M., Harper, G., Peters, J.C., Rodriguez-Carres, M., and Cubeta, M.A. 2011. First report of a new binucleate Rhizoctonia in UK potato tubers. New Disease Reports 23:31 [doi:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2011.023.031].

Yin, J., Koné, D., Rodriguez-Carres, M. Cubeta, M.A., Burpee, L.L., Fonash, E.G. Csinos, A.S., and Ji, P. 2011. First report of root rot caused by binucleate Rhizoctonia anastomosis group F on Musa spp. Plant Disease 94:490.


Bartz, F.E., Cubeta, M.A., Toda, T., Naito, S., and Ivors, K. 2010. An in planta method for assessing the role of basidiospores in Rhizoctonia foliar disease of tomato. Plant Disease 94:515-520.

Sullivan, M. J., Parks, E. J., Cubeta, M. A., Gallup, C. A., Moyer, J.W., and Shew, H.D. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity from a field population of Phytophthora nicotianae with a changing race structure. Plant Disease 94:455-460. (cited as Editor’s pick, April 2010).


Ivors, K., Bartz. F.E., and Cubeta, M.A. 2009. Rhizoctonia foliar blight of tomato. InCompendium of Tomato Diseases, 2nd Ed., eds. S. Miller and J. Jones, APS Press, St.Paul, MN.

Ferrucho, R.L., Zala, M., Zhang, Z., Cubeta, M.A., Garcia-Dominguez, C., and Ceresini, P.C. 2009. Highly polymorphic in silico-derived microsatellite loci in the potato-infecting fungal pathogen Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group 3 from the Colombian Andes. Molecular Ecology Resources 9:1013-1016.

Kanetis, L., Wang, X., Wadl, P.A., Neufeld, K., Holmes, G.A., Ojiambo, P., Cubeta, M.A., and Trigiano, R.T. 2009. Microsatellite loci in the downy mildew pathogen, Pseudoperonospora cubensis. Molecular Ecology Resources 9:1460-1466.


Charlton, N.D., Carbone, I., Tavantzis, S.M., and M.A. Cubeta. 2008. Phylogenetic relatedness of the M2 double stranded RNA in Rhizoctonia fungi. Mycologia 100:555-564.

Charlton, N.D., Tavantzis, S.M. and Cubeta, M.A. 2008. Detection of double strandedRNA viruses in the soil fungus Rhizoctonia solani, In Plant Pathology Techniques and Procedures, Chapter 14, pp. 171-182. Eds. R. Burns, Humana Press, 2nd Edition, Tocawa, NJ.


Charlton, N.D. and Cubeta, M.A. 2007. Transmission of the M2 double-stranded RNA virus in Rhizoctonia solani anastomosis group 3 (AG-3). Mycologia 99:859-867.

Ceresini, P.C., Shew, H.D. Vilgalys, R., T.Y. James, and Cubeta, M.A. 2007. Molecular diversity and phylogeography of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 based on sequence analysis of two nuclear loci. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7:163-184. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-163.

Rinehart, T., Copes, W., Toda, T. and Cubeta, M.A. 2007. Genetic characterization of binucleate Rhizoctonia species causing web blight on azalea in Mississippi and Alabama.Plant Dis. 91:616-623.


Gonzalez-Hernandez, D., Cubeta, M.A. and Vilgalys, R. 2006. Phylogenetic utility of indels within sequences of ribosomal and beta-tubulin genes in fungi belonging to the Rhizoctonia species complex. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 40:459-470.

Keinath, A.P., Cubeta, M.A., and Langston, D.B., Jr. 2006. Cabbage Diseases, Ecology and Control. In Encyclopedia of Pest Management, ed., David Pimentel, Taylor & Francis, New York, NY <>.


Abad, J.A., Moyer, J.W., Kennedy, G.G., Holmes, G.A., and Cubeta, M.A. 2005. An epidemic of Tomato spotted wilt virus on potato in eastern North Carolina. Amer. J. Potato Res. 82:101-107.

Payne, G.A. and Cubeta, M.A. 2005. Biology and Detection of Human and Plant Pathogenic Fungi. In Microbial Forensics, pp. 109-130. Eds. R.G. Breeze, B. Budowle and S.E. Schutzer, Elsevier, London, UK. 425 pp.


Bush, B.J., Carson, M.L., Cubeta, M.A, Hagler, W.M., and Payne, G.A. 2003. Infection and fumonisin production by Fusarium verticillioides in developing maize kernels. Phytopathology 94:88-93.

Hollowell, J.E., Shew, B.B., Wilcut, J.W., and Cubeta, M.A. 2003. Weed species as hosts of Sclerotinia minor in peanut fields. Plant Dis. 87:197-199.

Ceresini, P.C., Shew, H.D. Vilgalys, R., U.L. Rosewich-Gale and Cubeta, M.A. 2003. Detecting migration in populations of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 from potato in North Carolina using multilocus genotype probabilities. Phytopathology 93:610-615.


Wangsomboondee, T., Groves, C.T., Shoemaker, P.B., Cubeta, M.A. and Ristaino, J.B. 2002. Phytophthora infestans populations from tomato and potato in North Carolina differ in genetic diversity and structure. Phytopathology 92:1189-1195.

Ceresini, P.C., Shew, H.D. Vilgalys, R., and Cubeta, M.A. 2002. Genetic diversity of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 from potato and tobacco in North Carolina. Mycologia 94:437- 449.

Ceresini, P.C., Shew, H.D. Vilgalys, R., U.L. Rosewich and Cubeta, M.A. 2002. Genetic structure of populations of Rhizoctonia solani AG-3 on potato in eastern North Carolina. Mycologia 94:450-460.


Gonzalez, D, Carling, D., Kuninaga, S., Vilgalys, R., and Cubeta, M.A. 2001. Ribosomal DNA systematics of Ceratobasidium and Thanatephorus with Rhizoctonia anamorphs Mycologia 93:1138-1150.

Elliott, M.L., DesJardin E.A., Batson, W.E., Caceres, J., Brannen, P.M., Howell, C.R., Benson, D.M., Conway, K.E., Rothrock, C.S., Schneider, R.W., Ownley, B.H., Canaday, C.H., Keinath, A.P., Huber, D.H., Sumner, D.R., Motsenbocker, C.E., Thaxton, P.E., Cubeta, M.A., Adams, P.D., Backman, P.A., Fajardo, J., Newman, M.A. and Periera, R.M. 2001. Viability and stability of biological control agents on cotton and snap bean seeds. Pest Manag. Sci. 57:695-706.


Crozier, C.R., Creamer, N.G., and Cubeta, M.A. 2000. Fertilizer management impacts on stand establishment, disease and yield of Irish potato. Potato Res. 43: 49-59.

Cubeta, M.A., Cody, B.R., Sugg, R., and Crozier, C.R. 2000. The influence of soil calcium, potassium and pH on the development of leaf tipburn of cabbage in eastern North Carolina. Comm. Soil and Plant Anal. 31: 259-275.

Cubeta, M.A. and Vilgalys, R. 2000. Rhizoctonia. In Encyclopedia of Microbiology, ed. J. Lederberg,Vol. 4, pp. 109-116, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Hudyncia, J., Shew, H.D., Cody, B. R. and Cubeta, M.A. 2000. Evaluation of wounds as a factor to infection of cabbage by ascospores of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Plant Dis. 84:316-320.

Keinath, A., Batson, W. Jr., Caceres, J., Elliott, M., Sumner, D., Brannen, P., Rothrock, C., Huber, D., Benson, M., Conway, K., Schneider, R., Motsenbocker, C., Cubeta, M., Ownley, B., Canaday, C., Adams, P., Backman, P. and Fajardo, J. 2000. Evaluation of biological and chemical seed treatments to improve stand of snapbean across the southern United States. Crop Prot. 19:501-509.


Creamer, N.G., Crozier, C.R. and Cubeta, M.A. 1999. Influence of seedpiece spacing and plant population on yield, internal quality and economic performance of Atlantic, Snowden and Superior potato varieties in eastern North Carolina. Amer. J. of Potato Res. 76:257-262.


Ross, R.E., Keinath, A.P., and Cubeta, M.A. 1998. Biological control of wire stem of cabbage with binucleate Rhizoctonia. Crop Prot. 17:99-104.

Cubeta, M.A., Cody, B.R. and Williams, P.H. 1998. First report of Plasmodiophora brassicae on cabbage in Eastern North Carolina. Plant Dis. 81:129.


Cubeta, M.A., Cody, B.R., Kohli, Y., and Kohn, L.M. 1997. Clonality of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on infected cabbage in Eastern North Carolina. Phytopathology 87:1000-1004.

Cubeta, M.A. and Vilgalys, R. 1997. Population biology of Rhizoctonia fungi. Phytopathology 87:480-484.

McPartland, J.M., Vilgalys, R., and Cubeta, M.A. 1997. Mushroom poisoning. Am. Fam. Physician 55:1797-1810.

McPartland, J.M. and Cubeta, M.A. 1997. New species, combinations, host associations and location records of fungi associated with hemp. Mycol. Res. 101:853-857.


Cubeta, M.A., Vilgalys, R. and Gonzalez, D 1996. Molecular analysis of ribosomal RNA genes in Rhizoctonia fungi. In Rhizoctonia species: Taxonomy, Molecular Biology, Ecology, Pathology, and Control. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 81-86.

Subbiah, V., Riddick, M., Peele, D. and Cubeta, M.A. 1996. First report of Fusarium oxysporum on clary sage in North America. Plant Dis. 80:1080.


Vilgalys, R. and Cubeta, M.A. 1994. Molecular systematics and population biology of Rhizoctonia. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 32:135-155.


Cubeta, M.A., Briones-Ortega, R., and Vilgalys, R. 1993. Reassessment of heterokaryon formation in Rhizoctonia solani AG-4. Mycologia 85:777-787.


Cubeta, M.A., Echandi, E., and Gumpertz, M. L. 1991. Survival of binucleate Rhizoctonia Species biological control agents, in soil and plant debris under field conditions. Biol. Contr. 1:218-226.

Cubeta, M.A. and Echandi, E. 1991. Biological control of Rhizoctonia and Pythium damping-off of cucumber: an integrated approach. Biol. Contr. 1:227-236.

Cubeta, M.A., Echandi, E., Abernethy, T., and Vilgalys, R. 1991. Characterization of anastomosis groups of binucleate Rhizoctonia spp. using restriction analysis of an amplified ribosomal RNA gene. Phytopathology 81:1395-1400.


Cubeta, M.A., Hartman, G.L., and Sinclair, J.B. 1985. Interaction between Bacillus subtilis and fungi associated with soybean seeds. Plant Dis. 69:506-509.